Stroke

What is stroke?

A stroke is a blood clot or bleeding in the brain and can lead to permanent neurological damage or changes that affect your ability to carry out everyday tasks.

A stroke happens when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. Without the oxygen and nutrients in the blood, brain cells can die or be damaged. This damage has different effects, depending on where in the brain it occurs.

Stroke

How can we help?

Access to Rehab can carry out detailed assessments to determine what your main areas of difficulty are after your stroke (this can include physical assessment, perceptual and cognitive assessment).  With this baseline, we can work with you to identify areas of focus within a bespoke and specialised treatment plan. We can bring our experience to ensure that you are receiving all current best practice and treatment modalities, such as innovations within the area of upper limb rehabilitation.  We will use measurable goals to demonstrate change and focus our input so that it is delivered in a timely and efficient way for you to achieve your potential.

If your difficulties affect many of the areas mentioned, Access to Rehab can build the team around you to support you and your family providing the specialist multidisciplinary team within the context of your own home. Treatment modalities might include, mirror therapy, mental imagery, upper limb rehabilitation, electrical stimulation, gait re-education, hydrotherapy to name a few.

Types of Stroke

The cause of the disruption in blood flow can cause the following types of stroke:

Ischaemic stroke

The blood vessels in the brain are blocked by a clot or have become too narrow for blood to get through. The reduction in blood flow causes brain cells in the area to die from lack of oxygen. This is what happens in 80% of all strokes.

Haemorrhagic stroke

The blood vessel bursts, rather than being blocked. This results in blood leaking into the brain and causing damage.

Subarachnoid haemorrhage

There is bleeding into the area around the brain known as the subarachnoid space. This is usually due to a burst aneurysm, which is a weakness in the blood vessel wall.

Some common experiences and problems following a stroke include:

  • Difficulty with moving around and balance
  • Weakness affecting one side of your body and reduced arm function
  • Pain
  • Changes in vision
  • Changes in thinking skills, concentration and memory
  • Swallowing difficulties that could make it unsafe or difficult to eat and drink
  • Emotional changes