Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system which occurs when the immune system breaks down or damages the myelin, the protective layer which surrounds nerve fibres. This damage causes disruption to messages travelling along nerve fibres, causing them to slow down, become distorted, or not get through at all. It is this nerve damage that causes symptoms such as movement disruption, weakness, sensory loss, memory loss and spasticity.
At Access to Rehab we can offer a variety of treatments and management strategies for all types of MS, tailoring your treatment options to your clinical need. Whatever stage of your condition we offer a multi-disciplinary approach to your rehabilitation to ensure all aspects of your daily life are supported; we can use treatment approaches to promote your recovery during relapses and maximise your functional potential as your condition changes. Treatments might include exercise therapy, fatigue management, gait re-education, postural management, cognitive therapy and spasticity management.
There are 3 main types of MS, relapse-remitting, secondary progressive and primary progressive. MS affects everyone differently. Even if you have the same type of MS as someone else, you probably won’t experience the same symptoms in the same way.
Relapsing remitting MS
Is the most common and affects around 85% of those diagnosed. A relapse is defined by “the appearance of new symptoms, or the return of old symptoms, for a period of 24 hours or more’’ Relapses can vary from mild to severe. In the remitting periods, symptoms ease or fade away, either partially or completely.
Secondary progressive MS
Most people who have relapsing-remitting symptoms will go on to develop secondary progressive MS. Secondary progressive is usually diagnosed when there is a gradual progression of symptoms with no periods of remission, or only a slight ease in symptoms.
A small percentage of people, about 15%, are diagnosed with Primary Progressive MS. Primary symptoms present and then progress gradually.
Is when there is a small number of relapses followed by complete recovery of symptoms. However, symptoms can reoccur many years after a period of remission.