Acquired Brain Injury

What is an Acquired Brain Injury?

An acquired brain injury (ABI) is an injury caused to the brain since birth. There are many possible causes, including a fall, a road traffic accident, tumour and stroke. Acquired brain injuries can be classified as either traumatic brain injury (TBI) or non-traumatic brain injury.

Acquired brain injury

How can we help?

Access to Rehab have extensive experience of working alongside individuals and their families who have Acquired Brain Injury. We will be able to assess your strengths and areas of difficulty and plan an individualised treatment package to suit your needs. This may include physical therapies such as upper limb rehabilitation, gait re-education, hydrotherapy, spasticity management or activities to increase your functional activities in your home/local community. We may work alongside speech therapists and clinical psychologists to incorporate these needs in your treatment package. We are able to offer training to family members or carers to support the individual with a brain injury to maximise their independence.

Types of acquired Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury

These are caused by a sudden trauma to the head, causing damage to the skull which results in bruising and pressure on the brain tissue. Traumatic brain injuries usually result in localised damage to the brain, but there can also be some shearing and tearing of the brain tissue and nerve fibres in other areas of the brain, causing more widespread damage.

Non-traumatic Brain Injury

This type of brain injury is a result of an illness or condition within the body, and it is not a result of a blow to the head. This can be a gradual onset such as a tumour, or sudden onset such as a disruption to the blood supply. Like traumatic brain injury, the damage to the brain can be localised or more widespread.